DISC assessment is a behaviour assessment tool based on the DISC theory of psychologist William Marston. DISC is non-judgmental and helps people discuss their behavioural differences. Marston, after conducting research on human emotions classified four aspects of behaviour by testing a person’s preference in word associations. Marston explained that these behavioural types come from people’s sense of self and their interaction with the environment. He includes two dimensions that influence people’s emotional behavior:
- The first dimension is whether a person views his environment as favorable or unfavorable.
- The second dimension is whether a person perceives himself as having control or lack of control over his environment
Dimensions of DISC
DISC is an acronym for:
Dominance / Drive: Relating to control, power and assertiveness. Emphasis is on shaping the environment by overcoming opposition to accomplish results.
- Priorities: Getting immediate results; Taking action; Challenging self and others
High ‘D’ people are very active in dealing with problems and challenges. They are described as: demanding, forceful, egocentric, strong willed, driving, determined, ambitious, aggressive, and pioneering.
Influence / Inducement: Relating to social situations and communication. Emphasis is on shaping the environment by influencing or persuading others.
- Motivated by: Social recognition; Disapproval; Loss of influence; Being ignored
People with high ‘I’ scores influence others through talking and activity and tend to be emotional. They are described as: convincing, magnetic, political, enthusiastic, persuasive, warm, demonstrative, trusting, and optimistic.
Steadiness / Submission: Relating to patience, persistence, and thoughtfulness. Emphasis is on co-operating with others within existing circumstances to carry out the task.
- You will notice: Patience; Team person; Calm approach; Good listener
High ‘S’ individuals want a steady pace, security, and do not like sudden change. They are: calm, relaxed, patient, possessive, predictable, deliberate, stable, consistent, and tend to be unemotional and poker faced.
Conscientiousness / Compliance: Relating to structure and organization. Emphasis is on working conscientiously within existing circumstances to ensure quality and accuracy.
- Fears: Social criticism; Slipshod methods; Being wrong
High ‘C’ people adhere to rules, regulations, and structure. They like to do quality work and do it right the first time. They are: careful, cautious, exacting, neat, systematic, diplomatic, accurate, and tactful.
Use of DISC Assessment
The DISC assessment can be used for a variety of real-life situations. Many companies use it as a way to screen potential employees, with the thought that a certain personality type would be better or worse in certain jobs or positions.
It can also be used in an educational environment, especially in the development of courses for students. The DISC assessment can be used to better understand the personality and needs of the students. Another field in which DISC assessment can be used is leadership. There are different leadership methods and styles that coincide with each personality type, which could help leaders be more effective.